Kim Munroe

Understanding Canada’s Immigration Policies through Colonial Theory

By Kim Munroe
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This paper examines the racist tone in Canadian Immigration policy. Using Immigration Acts from 1910, 1952, 1978 and 2002; this essay addresses the impact of Canada’s colonial past on immigration policy making. Canada as a multicultural state has developed a culture based on diversity; however such diversity threatens to create a segregated society. This essay conveys the notion that immigration policies have used specific language and systems to disguise racial discrimination. The Points System in Canada has shifted the immigration policy from choosing immigrants based on ethnicity to choosing immigrants based on their skills and education. The Points System allows for Canada to selectively choose its immigrants based on the needs of its economy, therefore continuing an immigration ideology based on exploitation and dominating immigrants. Furthermore this paper addresses the need for Canada to distinguish a category of peoples based on the concept of the ‘Other’, in order to prove legitimacy of its own existence.

Key Words
Canadian Immigration, Colonial Ideology, Policy-making, Racism

Kim Munroe is a fourth year Canadian Studies and Political Science student at Carleton University. Working in one of the largest companies in Canada, Kim witnessed firsthand the discrimination of ethnic immigrants in the workplace; this altered her view of Canada as a fair nation that enables all peoples to achieve a high standard of living. Moving forward, she wishes to convey to others the importance of studying Canada’s colonial history in order to understand current politics and social dynamics with the Canadian society.

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